Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.
Japan’s population is shrinking fast. The number of babies born in the country last year dropped to 946,060, and it’s the second year where new births remained below 1 million, Japan’s government said. It’s the lowest level since the country began counting in 1899.
Japan will face a shortage of 6.44 million workers in 2030, making wage hikes, increased child care and other labor-related reforms vital to ensuring a stable workforce,
Worker shortage in Japan to hit 6.4m by 2030. More women, elderly and foreign workers needed to keep the future economy healthy.
Japan has traditionally been wary of immigration, but the government says more foreign workers are needed as Japan’s population is aging. Opposition parties, however, have said that the law could pose risks and expose newcomers to exploitation.
The number of foreign workers in Japan has rapidly increased — reaching a record 1.27 million at the end of October last year, nearly double the level five years earlier. One out of 50 people with jobs were foreigners — with the ratio rising much higher in sectors where the manpower shortage is serious, such as manufacturing, and bars and restaurants. But despite the economy’s growing dependence on foreign workers, those with work visas number only about 230,000, or less than 20 percent of the total. While the government has sought to invite more workers with professional skills and expertise, people officially coming to Japan for purposes other than working — foreign students studying at schools in Japan and participants in the Technical Intern Training Program — account for roughly 250,000 each of the total.
Government of Nepal has signed a memorandum of cooperation with Japan to pave the way for Nepali workers to travel to the world’s third-largest economy for employment in 14 job categories.
As per the agreement signed, the Japanese government will hire Nepali migrant workers in caregiving, building cleaning management, machine parts, and tooling, industrial machinery, electric, electronic, information and construction industries. Other sectors where workers will be hired are shipbuilding and ship machinery, automobile repair and maintenance, aviation, accommodation, agriculture, fishery and aquaculture, manufacture of food and beverages and food service industry.
Similarly Vietnam & the Philippines have signed the agreement with Japan to supply manpower.
Japanese authorities have finally approved the decision on the liberalization of migration policy. Starting in 2019, previously very reluctant to issue even short-term work visas, Japan will begin distributing five-year work visas to foreigners. And the number of these visas by Japanese standards will be simply enormous – from 260 to 345 thousand.
Hundreds of thousands of five-year visas will be issued to those who want to work in 14 sectors of the Japanese economy, where there is an acute shortage of labor. First of all, it concerns construction, agriculture, shipbuilding, etc. In addition, starting next year, a new category of visas will appear in Japan, designed specifically for highly qualified specialists. Their owners will be able to stay in the country for unlimited time and will receive many additional benefits, in particular, the right to transport their family to Japan.
The Japanese authorities forced the unprecedented liberalization of migration policy to force the rapid aging of the nation and a drastic reduction in the working population. As demographers predict, without the influx of immigrants, the population of Japan will decrease by 16 million (i.e. by 13%) in the next 25 years. At the same time, one-third of the population will be people aged 65 and over.